A groundwater flow and particle tracking model for the Iraí-basin, Paraná, Brazil
Jeroen Wijnen MSc.
This explosive expansion of the population of the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba raised a high increase in the demand for water resources and the uncontrolled settlement poses a large problem for the environment. The greatest menace to the water supply sources of this region is the urban occupation (invasion) into the areas that contain these resources. This occupation continues with its slow, silent, although progressive march, threatening precious and irreplaceable resources.
From this background an area in the direct vicinity north-east of Curitiba has been studied. In this area a drinking water reservoir was constructed in the time that the study took place in the Iraí-basin. The Iraí-reservoir even though an area around the lake will be protected may be polluted by two tributaries which flow through more or less densely populated areas. In the study area on the same time wells have been constructed. To estimate what the impact may be from the possibly polluted reservoir on the aquifer a groundwater flow model has been constructed. On the same time to estimate the water balance and the spatial distribution of pollution vulnerability the hydrological model MODBIL has been used. Also other methods have been used to estimate the pollution vulnerability to make a comparison and because none of the methods takes every aspect into account.
With the calibrated groundwater flow model for the situation before the construction of the Iraí-reservoir and after its construction, simple particle tracking transport models are constructed as scenarios how the water of the aquifer may be influenced.